# assuming

121

**Note**— This article is about the musical term. For other uses, see Note (disambiguation). In music, the term note has two primary meanings: A sign used in musical notation to represent the relative duration and pitch of a sound; A pitched sound itself.… …122

**Ordinal number**— This article is about the mathematical concept. For number words denoting a position in a sequence ( first , second , third , etc.), see Ordinal number (linguistics). Representation of the ordinal numbers up to ωω. Each turn of the spiral… …123

**Predestination**— Predestination, in theology is the doctrine that all events have been willed by God. John Calvin interpreted biblical predestination to mean that God willed eternal damnation for some people and salvation for others.[1] Explanations of… …124

**Statistical inference**— In statistics, statistical inference is the process of drawing conclusions from data that are subject to random variation, for example, observational errors or sampling variation.[1] More substantially, the terms statistical inference,… …125

**Statistical hypothesis testing**— This article is about frequentist hypothesis testing which is taught in introductory statistics. For Bayesian hypothesis testing, see Bayesian inference. A statistical hypothesis test is a method of making decisions using data, whether from a… …126

**Nyquist–Shannon sampling theorem**— Fig.1: Hypothetical spectrum of a bandlimited signal as a function of frequency The Nyquist–Shannon sampling theorem, after Harry Nyquist and Claude Shannon, is a fundamental result in the field of information theory, in particular… …127

**Signal-to-noise ratio**— For signal to noise ratio in statistics, see Cohen s d. Signal to noise ratio (often abbreviated SNR or S/N) is a measure used in science and engineering that compares the level of a desired signal to the level of background noise. It is defined… …128

**Linear programming**— (LP, or linear optimization) is a mathematical method for determining a way to achieve the best outcome (such as maximum profit or lowest cost) in a given mathematical model for some list of requirements represented as linear relationships.… …